UTF8 encoded Japanese in LaTeX

Slightly off topic, but anyway... notes on getting Japanese text working in LaTeX under Mac OS X using TeX Live. Once I finally got it to work it is quite easy, but first I explored a lot of dead ends and distractions (in the end I could ignore LaTeX Omega, XeLaTeX, etc). I'm just using pdflatex with the LaTeX Chinese, Japanese, Korean (CJK) package, here's an example from the PDF output: